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  • 1 of 3 2016 Geoscience Workshop

    2016 Geosciences Workshop

  • 2 of 3 Seminar-Workshop Geohazard Mapping

    Conduct of seminar-workshop on the results of its Geohazard Mapping and Assessment

  • 3 of 3 Training on Disaster Preparedness, Response and Post-Actions

    A Training on Disaster Preparedness, Response and Post-Actions to Natural Calamity

MGB: More than a century of championing sustainability in mining and geosciences

The Mines and Geosciences Bureau dates back during the Spanish regime, known as the “Inspeccion General de Minas." It took charge of the administration and disposition of minerals and mineral lands. The Office, however, was abolished on July 1, 1886 but its functions and personnel were merged with the General Directorate of Civil Administration.

Under the Philippine Revolutionary Republic, the Departamento de Fomento, translated as Department of Public Welfare was created by virtue of the decree signed by Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo on November 28, 1898. On November 29, 1898, the President signed a decree creating the four (4) divisions of Departamento de Fomento and one of these divisions was the Industry and Agriculture Division. The Mines Section and the Mountains Sections were also formed, wherein the former was under the director of Industry and Agriculture, and latter was under the director of Publicas.

However, when the Americans came, a reorganization was implemented resulting in the emergence of the Mining Bureau by virtue of General Order No. 31, dated March 10, 1900. As part of the reorganization, the administration of mining grants and claims instituted prior to April 11, 1899 was transferred by Act No. 916 from the Mining Bureau to the Public Lands.

In 1905, the Mining Bureau and the Bureau of Government Laboratories were fused under the Bureau of Science, and the Mining Bureau became the Division of Geology and Mines.

By virtue of Memorandum Order No. 5 dated January 25, 1933, the Mineral Lands Division of the Bureau of Lands was merged with the Division of Geology and Mines under the Bureau of Science to form a division known as the Division of Mineral Resources under the Department of Agriculture and Commerce.

The Division of Mineral Resources was charged with functions of carrying out the provisions of three major laws: (1) provisions of the Act of US Congress 1902 pertaining to mineral lands, and the governance of the leasing and development of coal lands; (2) provisions of Act No. 3077, as amended by Act No. 3852, governing the exploration, location and lease of petroleum; and (3) Act No. 2719 governing mineral oils and gas.

On September 19, 1934, the same division was again placed under the direct supervision and control of the Bureau of Science. It was renamed Division of Mines.

With the promulgation of the Commonwealth Constitution reverting the Regalian Doctrine—which particularly asserts that mineral belongs to the State and their disposition, administration, exploitation, and development shall be done through license, concession, or lease—Commonwealth Act No. 136 and 137 were both enacted on November 7, 1936. Commonwealth Act 136 created the Bureau of Mines, while Commonwealth Act No. 137, otherwise known as the Mining Act of 1936, was actually the first major mining law that would stay for about 38 years until Presidential Decree 463.

When the Second World War came, the Bureau of Mines was reconstituted under the Department of Agriculture and Commerce by virtue of Executive Order No. 1 dated January 30, 1942. In 1944, during the Puppet Philippine Republic, the Bureau of Mines shrunk again into a Division of the Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources.

The Bureau of Mines was restored in 1945 when the Philippine Commonwealth was re-established on February 27 of the same year. Since then, the Bureau of Mines had been under the direct supervision and control of the Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources.

It was only in 1974 that the Bureau of Mines was transferred to the Department of Natural Resources pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 461. On the same day, the Mineral Resources Decree of 1974, or PD No. 463, was issued, amending Commonwealth Act No. 137 to provide among others for a modernized system of administration and disposition of mineral lands and to promote and encourage the development and exploration of the mining industry. PD No. 463 was later revised by PD Nos.1385 and 1677.

On June 6, 1978, PD No. 1281 was promulgated revising Commonwealth Act No. 136 boosting the Bureau of Mines and Geosciences Bureau with additional tasks as well as authority to make it more responsive to the objectives of the government for its minerals sector.

A year after, some sections of PD No. 1281 was amended by PD No. 1654 to include renaming the Bureau of Mines as Bureau of Mines and Geosciences further making it more responsive to its varied functions.

On June 10, 1987, pursuant to Executive Order No. 192, otherwise known as Reorganization Act of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), the MGB became one of the staff bureaus of DENR. MGB took the functions of the Bureau of Mines and Geosciences but minus the line functions that were transferred mainly to the DENR regional offices. It also absorbed the functions of the abolished Mineral Resources Development Board (MRDB), and the Gold Mining Industry Assistance Board (GMIAB).

The passage of Republic Act 7942, otherwise known as the Philippine Mining Act of 1995 on March 3, 1995, and DAO No. 96-40, the Implementing Rules and Regulations of RA 7942, transformed the MGB into a line bureau. The staff bureau created under DAO 1, series of 1988 became the Central Office of the MGB, while Mines and Geosciences Development Service created under DAO 41, series of 1991 became the Regional Offices.

In 1997, by virtue of DAO 97-11, the MGB implemented a full reorganization specifically involving the establishment of two new divisions—the Mining Environment and Safety Division, and the Mine Tenement Management Division—thus, essentially operationalizing the sustainable development principles provision of the Mining Act of 1995.

The year after, the MGB commemorated it’s centennial year and from then on celebrated its anniversary every 28th of November. MGB’s acknowledgement as one of the centennial bureaus further underscored the significance of the State’s management of our mineral resources throughout the decades. Likewise, the long history of MGB has only proven its unwavering commitment in championing sustainability in mining and geosciences.

  • WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT IN MATANGRA LAKE LOCATED IN BRGY. AGAGA, BURGOS, ILOCOS NORTE
    WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT IN MATANGRA LAKE LOCATED IN BRGY. AGAGA, BURGOS, ILOCOS NORTE

    In response with the request letter of Department of Environment and Natural Resources Regional Office No. 1 for technical assistance in the conduct of water quality assessment in Matangra lake, Burgos, Ilocos Norte. The survey was conducted on April 4-7, 2017 by the contractual geologist Ms. Mariel B. Tuonan of Mines and Geosciences Bureau Region 1 and Engr. Cora Marie G. Pugal, Development Management Officer III, Conservation and Development Division, DENR R1 together with the LGU personnel of Burgos, Ilocos Norte.

    Written on Monday, 17 April 2017 02:38 Read more...
  • MGB I CONDUCTS INFORMATION EDUCATION AND COMMUNICATION (IEC) CAMPAIGN IN ILOCOS SUR
    MGB I CONDUCTS INFORMATION EDUCATION AND COMMUNICATION (IEC) CAMPAIGN IN ILOCOS SUR

    The Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB) – Geosciences Division conducted a seminar on the results of its geohazard mapping and assessment. The seminar entitled “Training-Workshop on Understanding 1:10,000 Scale Geohazard Map” was held on March 21-24, 2017 at Seven Wonders Hotel and Theme Park Inc, Baluarte Compound, Salindeg, Vigan City Ilocos Sur.

    Written on Thursday, 06 April 2017 03:11 Read more...
  • MGB 1’s NEW OIC, OFFICE OF THE REGIONAL DIRECTOR
    MGB 1’s NEW OIC, OFFICE OF THE REGIONAL DIRECTOR

    Mr. Socrates G. Gaerlan, Chief Geologist recently assumed as OIC, Office of the Regional Director, MGB-Regional Office No. I by virtue of DENR Special Order No. 2017-228 dated March 10, 2017.

    During the simple turn-over ceremony, RD Gaerlan asked everyone’s support and to work together to effectively and efficiently accomplish all targets of the Office.

    Written on Thursday, 06 April 2017 02:47 Read more...
  • LOCAL CLIMATE CHANGE ACTION PLANNING WORKSHOP CONDUCTED IN SANTOL, LA UNION
    LOCAL CLIMATE CHANGE ACTION PLANNING WORKSHOP CONDUCTED IN SANTOL, LA UNION

    A Local Climate Change Action Planning Orientation-Workshop was held on March 16-17, 2017 at the Municipal Hall of Santol, La Union. It is in consonance with Republic Act No. 9729 known as the “Climate Change Act of 2009” mainstreaming climate change into government policy formulations, establishing the framework strategy and program on climate change, creating for the purpose of Climate Change Commission and for other purposes. Likewise, as stated in the Section 14 of the said RA ”Local Climate Change Action Plan”, LGUs shall be the frontline agencies in the formulation, planning and implementation of climate change action plans in their respective areas, consistent with the provisions of the Local Government Code, the Framework and the National Climate Change Action Plan.

    Written on Monday, 03 April 2017 02:14 Read more...
  • INFORMATION EDUCATION AND COMMUNICATION (IEC) CAMPAIGN IN PANGASINAN
    INFORMATION EDUCATION AND COMMUNICATION (IEC) CAMPAIGN IN PANGASINAN

    The Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB) – Geosciences Division conducted a seminar on the results of its geohazard mapping and assessment. The seminar entitled “Training-Workshop on Understanding 1:10,000 Scale Geohazard Map” was held last February 20 – 25, 2017 at Hotel Consuelo Resort and Chinese Restaurant, Lingayen, Pangasinan.

    Written on Wednesday, 08 March 2017 06:26 Read more...
  • MGB R01 GEOLOGISTS PARTAKE IN THE 2017 NATIONAL QUADRANGLE MAPPING WORKSHOP
    MGB R01 GEOLOGISTS PARTAKE IN THE 2017 NATIONAL QUADRANGLE MAPPING WORKSHOP

    MGB Regional Office No. 1 geologists attended the Workshop on Quadrangle Geological Mapping of Bicol Region held last February 6 – 10, 2017 at Ninong’s Hotel, Legazpi City, Albay. The geologists who attended were Mr. Socrates G. Gaerlan (Chief Geologist), Ms. Zipporah Seth A. Oliveros (Geologist II), Ms. Marie Rose B. Aguda (Geologist), and Ms. Charlene Gem L. Farro (Geologist). The said event focused on the finalization of 1:50,000 scale geologic maps of Region III and standardization of field mapping methods and outputs, and encompassed a series of comprehensive lectures on the geology of CALABARZON and Bicol Region, quadrangle map generation, field mapping techniques and photogeology.

    Written on Tuesday, 21 February 2017 07:16 Read more...
  • MGB R01 GEOLOGISTS PARTAKE IN THE 2017 GEOSCIENCE WORKSHOP
    MGB R01 GEOLOGISTS PARTAKE IN THE 2017 GEOSCIENCE WORKSHOP

    MGB Regional Office No. 1 geologists namely Mr. Socrates G. Gaerlan (Chief Geologist), Ms. Vilma A. Vecino (Supervising Geologist), Mr. Jose D. Lignes Jr. (Supervising Geologist), Mr. Riddick B. Bombase (Geologist II), and Ms. Marie Rose B. Aguda (Contractual Geologist), attended the annual Geoscience Workshop held last January 16 – 21, 2017 at the Lima Park Hotel in Malvar, Batangas.

    Written on Tuesday, 31 January 2017 08:44 Read more...
  • GEOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT ON THE PROPOSED SANITARY LANDFILL IN BARANGAY LAGUI-SAIL, CITY OF LAOAG, PROVINCE OF ILOCOS NORTE
    GEOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT ON THE PROPOSED SANITARY LANDFILL IN BARANGAY LAGUI-SAIL, CITY OF LAOAG,  PROVINCE OF ILOCOS NORTE

    In compliance to the main provisions of Republic Act No. 9003, otherwise known as Ecological Solid Wastes Management Act of 2000, the Local Government of Laoag, Province of Ilocos Norte through the Hon. Mayor Chevylle V. Fariñas, requested the Mines and Geosciences Bureau personnel to conduct the geological assessment on the proposed sanitary landfill located at the Barangay Lagui-Sail, City of Laoag, Province of Ilocos Norte.

    Written on Friday, 06 January 2017 04:12 Read more...
  • GEOLOGICAL AND WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT SURVEY IN THE WETLANDS OF ALAMINOS RIVER, ALAMINOS CITY, PANGASINAN AND BARUYEN RIVER, IN THE MUNICIPALITIES OF BURGOS AND BANGUI, ILOCOS NORTE
    GEOLOGICAL AND WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT SURVEY IN THE WETLANDS OF ALAMINOS RIVER, ALAMINOS CITY, PANGASINAN AND BARUYEN RIVER, IN THE MUNICIPALITIES OF BURGOS AND BANGUI, ILOCOS NORTE

    In response to the request letter of DENR Region 1 for technical assistance in the conduct of geological survey and water quality assessment of the Alaminos River, Alaminos City, Pangasinan and Baruyen River in the municipalities of Burgos and Bangui, Ilocos Norte, the survey was conducted on September 26-30, 2016 and October 3-7, 2016, respectively. The field party composed of the Contractual Geologist Ms. Mariel B. Tuonan of Mines and Geosciences Bureau Region 1 and Ms. Marilyn M. Racoma, Senior Ecosystem Management Specialist, Conservation and Development Division, DENR R1 together with the personnel of CENRO Alaminos City, Pangasinan.

    Written on Friday, 06 January 2017 02:04 Read more...
  • MGB REGION 1 PROGRAM FOR DIFFERENTLY-ABLED STUDENTS
    MGB REGION 1 PROGRAM FOR DIFFERENTLY-ABLED STUDENTS

    The Mines and Geosciences Bureau Regional Office No. I, in coordination with Department of Education Region I, conducted the Art Workshop of differently-abled students for three (3) consecutive Saturdays (November 19, 26 and December 3, 2016) held at San Fernando City SPED High School, with the theme “Promoting Environment and Responsible Mining through Arts” which greatly helped in developing the innate talents of the students.

     

    Written on Monday, 19 December 2016 08:50 Read more...
  • INFORMATION EDUCATION COMMUNICATION (IEC) CAMPAIGN IN ILOCOS NORTE
    INFORMATION EDUCATION COMMUNICATION (IEC) CAMPAIGN IN ILOCOS NORTE

    A Training-Workshop on understanding 1:10,000 Scale Geohazard Maps was conducted by the Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB)-Geology Division at the Palacio De Laoag City, Ilocos Norte in October 18-19, 2016. The MGB together with the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG)-Ilocos Norte, have determined to accommodate the officials of the municipalities and cities of the province. Moreover, representatives of each barangays are most encouraged to attend; as they are the direct addressee of the activity.

    Written on Monday, 19 December 2016 08:35 Read more...
  • VULNERABILITY AND RISK ASSESSMENT CONDUCTED IN THE MUNICIPALITIES OF MANGALDAN, PROVINCE OF PANGASINAN AND THE CITY OF SAN FERNANDO, PROVINCE OF LA UNION
    VULNERABILITY AND RISK ASSESSMENT CONDUCTED IN THE MUNICIPALITIES OF MANGALDAN, PROVINCE OF PANGASINAN AND THE CITY OF SAN FERNANDO, PROVINCE OF LA UNION

    A team from the Geosciences Division, Mines and Geosciences Bureau- Regional Office I (MGB- ROI) conducted a Vulnerability and Risk Assessment at the thirty (30) barangays in the municipality of Mangaldan and fifty-nine (59) barangays in the City of San Fernando and was undertaken from September 8 to October 3, 2016.

    Written on Thursday, 06 October 2016 00:52 Read more...
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